Codebook

The Electoral Contention and Violence (ECAV) dataset codes 39 variables overall, including election IDs, precise georeferenced locations, actors and targets of electoral contention, and initiators of events and violence. For an overview of the data, please read the Data Article. For an explanation of all variables, a list of countries included in ECAV, country notes for special cases, and coding decisions in countries with UCDP intrastate conflicts in ECAV, please download the Codebook.